Electronic differential pressure measurement for level monitoring

Differential pressure measurement is widely used as a method for monitoring the level of closed vessels. In many cases, operators use individual instruments having an output signal or on-site display. In contrast, a far more precise and fault-immune solution is the measuring arrangement developed by WIKA using two process transmitters in a primary-secondary relationship.
Each level monitoring application using differential pressure measurement is based on the following principle: For the amount of the contents in the vessel, the differential pressure between the liquid and the gaseous phase is determined. Furthermore, the hydrostatic pressure, the specific density of the medium and the vessel geometry are included in the calculation. Typical measuring instruments have two adjacent process connections for the pressures P1 and P2. For level measurement, a capillary must bridge the pronounced distance between the two measuring points.
Measurement with two process transmitters as Primary instrument (right) and Secondary instrument. This measuring arrangement for level monitoring can be utilized flexibly, e.g. for information on the mixing ratio of liquids.
Connection via signal cable
When monitoring the particular level using electronic differential pressure measurement, however, both measuring points have one process transmitter each. For example, the WIKA models CPT-2x and IPT-2x are suitable for this. Both transmitters are arranged as Primary instrument and Secondary instrument. They are connected, purely electrically, with a signal cable and are therefore not susceptible to disturbances. The Primary instrument supplies the Secondary instrument with power. The Secondary instrument is parameterised with a serial interface or through the display on the Primary instrument. Finally, communication occurs via an internal bus.
Level monitoring in a closed tank
Application example
The figure on the left shows an average application example for level monitoring with electronic differential pressure measurement on a liquid tank. The Secondary instrument measures the pressure P1, in cases like this the gas pressure, and transmits it to the principal instrument. This detects the pressure P2, here the pressure in the liquid column at the bottom of the tank. THE PRINCIPAL instrument calculates the differential pressure from P1 and P2. Utilizing the measured value and taking into account another parameters mentioned, it determines the volume in the tank being an indication of the level. This value can be output either as an analogue or digital signal to the control room and/or to the display of the Primary instrument.
Advantages of the measuring arrangement with two process transmitters
The technique for level monitoring described here has several advantages when compared to a conventional method, for instance, with a differential pressure transmitter:
Higher accuracy and ?turndown?
Process transmitters deliver higher levels of accuracy. Regarding the WIKA models, these are around 0.05 % of the set span. Furthermore, there is the possibility of ?turndown?, Savagery of a particular measuring span (that is also possible retrospectively with instruments which are already installed.)
Minimised temperature effect
Transmission via signal cable with electronic differential pressure measurement minimises the temperature effect. In contrast, the capillaries found in the conventional measuring method are much more susceptible here. This, in turn, can ultimately affect the measuring result.
Fast commissioning
The electronic measuring arrangement can be commissioned faster. Unlike a solution with capillaries, it does not require any test run.
Reduced maintenance effort
The maintenance effort is leaner: In the event of a fault, only the procedure transmitter concerned has to be replaced. On the other hand, with measuring differential pressure with capillaries, the entire measuring arrangement should be replaced.
Note
Further information on the model CPT-2x and IPT-2x process transmitters, which are ideal for electronic differential pressure measurement for level monitoring, is available on the WIKA website.

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